top of page

Types of Bleeds

You are not likely to have all of the types of bleeding talked about here.  Some of them are rare, even in people with severe hemophilia.  All of these bleeds can be treated. Treating right away when you have a bleed means that you will:


  • Reduce the chances of having lasting damage.

  • Prevent further pain and the need to take medicine for pain.

  • Reduce the number of treatments needed.


Remember that a person with a bleeding disorder will not bleed faster than anyone else.  However, the bleeding will last longer if untreated.


Early treatment of bleeding is especially important for people with hemophilia. They should follow these good rules for early treatment:

  • Take factor right away if you have an injury.  This is especially important if a similar injury caused a bleed in the past.

  • Take factor as soon as you think you are bleeding.

  • Take factor as soon as you see or feel any signs of bleeding such as tingling, bubbling, warmth or swelling.

  • If you are not sure you are bleeding, take factor anyway.

To help people with hemophilia determine the right dose for each type of bleed, we have given a desired factor level.  This is shown as a percentage (%).  The percentages go from 40% to 100%.  This page shows you how to figure out how much factor to take to get the right percentage level.  The levels we give are the ones that stop bleeding for most of the people most of the time.  These levels may not work for everyone.  You may need more factor if you are taking it more than an hour after the bleed started.  Some people are able to use less factor and stop a bleed.  Your doctor can help you find the factor level that works the best for you.

It is very important to keep a record of when you had a bleed and how you treated it.  Some people with bleeding disorders find that they bleed more with certain activities, events, holidays, or vacations.  Others tend to bleed when they are nervous or under stress.  A good treatment record can help you and your doctor learn what things make you bleed more.  If you know what to expect, you can be prepared to treat bleeds early.  Be sure to write on your treatment calendar when you take other medicines.  Some of them can cause you to have more bleeds.


Remember that with bleeds, you often have to go by how you feel instead of what you see.  Some of the most serious bleeds are not easily seen.  If you are a parent, pay close attention to what your child says about how he feels.  Don't forget that symptoms (what you feel) can be caused by problems other than bleeds.

If the bleed continues to get worse after treatment or if the pain and swelling is very bad, call your doctor or hospital.  A few types of bleeds are very dangerous or even life-threatening.

Bleeds are especially dangerous in these parts of the body:

  • Head

  • Eye

  • Throat

  • Neck

  • Back

  • Groin

  • Hip

  • Abdominal (stomach)

If you get hurt in one of these areas or think you may be bleeding there:

  • take factor

  • get medical help right away.

Important for any type of bleed: Call your doctor if bleeding, pain or swelling lasts longer than you expect.

bottom of page